What Cardiac Arrest in Pediatrics Is Most Commonly Caused By

What Cardiac Arrest in Pediatrics Is Most Commonly Caused By

Children should live their youth free from medical worries and health problems. However, this idealistic vision of childhood doesn’t account for accidents, preexisting health conditions, and more. Kids sometimes face unforeseen health challenges. If you want to learn more about cardiac arrest in particular, here is what cardiac arrest in pediatrics is most commonly caused by.


Respiratory Problems


In medicine, a disease or condition’s etiology refers to its origins and causes. For children with cardiac arrest, the most probable etiological source is a respiratory problem. These respiratory issues can range from one-off incidents like choking to lifelong conditions like asthma or allergies. Other heart-linked respiratory events include smoke inhalation and drowning—both of which stem from life-threatening breathing difficulty that can lead to cardiac arrest.


Cardiac Conditions


Another way children can experience cardiac arrest is through underlying heart conditions. Congenital heart disease and structural cardiac disease are the most common of these causes. Congenital heart disease is a birth defect referring to heart abnormalities from birth. This means an infant’s heart operates abnormally and will require lifelong monitoring for complications. Structural cardiac disease is similar to congenital disease, but it includes all structural changes that develop over a person’s lifetime. Age and underlying diseases can cause this condition to take full effect. If you don’t know whether your child’s heart is structurally intact, you should visit a cardiologist for a full evaluation.


Traumatic Events


While many people know about trauma in the psychological sense, trauma also refers to injurious physical contact. For example, blunt force trauma to the chest happens when a quick, jarring movement sends a large amount of force into the body, resulting in injury. Traumatic events that cause cardiac arrest in children include blunt trauma to the chest or head, drowning, or severe bleeding.


Knowing what cardiac arrest in pediatrics is most commonly caused by help parents and childcare professionals better handle medical emergencies. If you need to refresh your BLS training, check out our course schedule online. We are one of the top training sites for American Heart healthcare providers BLS certification in NYC, so trust our professional instructors to teach you the best pediatric CPR and BLS techniques.

A Short History of Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation

A Short History of Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation

It may seem strange to say that people invented specific procedures in medicine just recently. But the truth is, no complex surgical operation or lifesaving maneuver could exist without brilliant minds applying themselves to the body’s problems. One such lifesaving maneuver that people teach and implement widely—even among non-medical professionals—is CPR. Here is a short history of cardiopulmonary resuscitation.

Creative Beginnings

When people experience cardiac arrest or stop breathing, we use CPR to invigorate the heart and lungs to their proper functioning. But people didn’t always know what to do in such emergencies. Back in the 1700s, scientists officially recommended mouth-to-mouth resuscitation to help drowning victims. This process developed alongside the bellows method, which used a bellows to inflate people’s lungs. Much debate ensued over the efficacy of each technique until modern times.

Modern Refinement

Until quite recently, people didn’t have an effective way to save unresponsive victims. In the early 1900s, though, Dr. George Crile successfully used external chest compressions to resuscitate a cardiac arrest patient. The outside pressure method was relatively new, so it took time for the practice to become standard policy.

In the mid-twentieth century, two brilliant doctors and medical researchers developed and proved that mouth-to-mouth resuscitation was indeed effective as a lifesaving technique. The US Military adopted Dr. James Elam and Dr. Peter Safar’s revolutionary work as standard practice just a year later. With both the chest compressions and mouth-to-mouth resuscitation entirely accepted, the combined technique of CPR was born.

Widespread Dissemination

Once authorities established and refined CPR practice, physicians realized that anyone with the proper training could perform the lifesaving technique. The American Heart Association began its campaign to train physicians and the public alike in this newfound CPR practice. As time went on, people in all industries and professions learned how to perform cardiopulmonary resuscitation. In fact, our CPR AED classes in New Yorkat Frontline Health speak to these dedicated physicians’ legacy.

Despite such a short history of cardiopulmonary resuscitation, its effects are manifold. Without the dutiful invention, we wouldn’t have the safe and protected society we see today. If you want to join the long list of CPR trained individuals, join one of our classes here at Frontline Health!

How To Get Your BLS Certification

How To Get Your BLS Certification

Basic life support, or BLS, is a certification obtained by taking a course in life-saving techniques. No matter what medical profession you are in—nurse, nursing student, paramedic, dentist, EMT—there are many reasons your employer may want you to become certified in basic life support. Here are the basic steps for how to get your BLS certification.

Find a Class

The first step in obtaining your BLS certification is finding a class that works with your schedule and budget. Find out what your employer or profession requires—some medical professionals need to obtain a specific type of BLS training and update it every two years. Look through the courses offered by the American Heart Association to figure out which type is best for you. If you are not in the medical profession, you may be able to take a CPR class instead of a BLS class. Figure out the exact type of certification needed and find the course that fits that description.

Register and Attend

Now that you have found the kind of course you need, look to register with the organization you have chosen. There are many options available, so find what works best for you. Some classes may require you to fill out preliminary paperwork or bring some materials to class. Be sure to look over this information before attending the first session so you are prepared and able to complete your BLS training on time.

Receive Your Certificate

After you have completed the training and passed any comprehension tests, you are eligible to receive your certificate. If you are in a hurry and need your certificate printed quickly, contact your teacher or course provider to fast track the process. Once you have secured your certificate electronically or physically, send it over to your employer for approval. If you have any difficulty in the process, contact your supervisor directly to ensure that you have completed everything needed.

Now that you know how to get your BLS certification, consider taking your BLS class with us here at Frontline Health. We offer American Heart Association BLS provider certification in NYC and health courses and certifications for all kinds of professionals. The knowledge learned in these sessions will equip you to quickly and calmly help others in many emergency situations.

CPR hand placement

COVID-19 and CPR, What we are doing to protect you.

UPDATE: As of April 8th at 8:00PM We ARE OPEN for all regularly scheduled BLS Provider CPR AED courses for Healthcare Providers and all Medical Professionals, Pharmacists, Hospital Staff, and Hospital Support Staff.

Register for a BLS Provider CPR course or a BLS Provider Renewal Course.

UPDATE: Beginning May 1 at 10:00am We will reopen for layperson CPR and CPR First Aid classes for all essential workers and anyone who needs to complete a CPR certification course as part of their job requirements.

Register for a CPR AED course or a combo First Aid CPR AED course.

At Frontline Health CPR Training, the safety of our students and instructors is our utmost concern. We are taking precautions to minimize the risk of COVID-19 transmission during CPR classes to make sure you have a safe training environment. We train according to, and use equipment that meets the standards of the American Red Cross and American Heart Association. All classes are now limited to at most 12 participants.

Whenever possible we use single use disposable equipment. Some equipment such as CPR manikins and AED training devices are used repeatedly. All equipment is thoroughly sanitized after every single use according to the manufacturers recommendations and CDC guidelines for infection control.

Each student in our training center will have their own sanitized CPR Manikin, CPR Pocket mask, and single use one way valve. Our students will not have to share equipment with other students.

You will NOT be asked to put your mouth directly on a Manikin.

Classroom surfaces, door knobs, and other touch points are cleaned after every training session.

All participants and instructors are encouraged to practice good hygiene, including hand washing with soap and water for at least 20 seconds before and after the course, and before and after snack or meal breaks.

We encourage social distancing. Students are asked to spread out and keep 6 feet of space between each other at all times.

We encourage students to wear a mask or face covering during the class.

We encourage students to stay home when you are sick and avoid close contact with people who are sick.

If a scheduled student has identified symptoms (fever, cough, shortness of breath), they are advised to not attend a training class. You will be able to postpone your class for any reason and will NOT have to pay to reschedule.

We encourage you to avoid touching your eyes, nose, and mouth.

We encourage you to cover a cough or sneeze with a tissue, then throw the tissue in the trash. 

Our classrooms are stocked with alcohol-based hand sanitizer and cleaning wipes for your use during CPR class.

If you have any questions or concerns please call or text 212-983-5389 or email us at shane@frontlinehealth.com

For more info on COVID-19 please refer to the CDC recommendations

According to the American Heart Association, Cardiac arrest kills more than 350,000 people a year in the Unites States alone. We encourage everyone to be trained in CPR and how to use and AED device. Learn to save a life! Take a CPR certification class today.

Scales of Justice

Do I need to ask for permission to give CPR or First Aid?

When you take a CPR or First Aid class, you typically are taught about the rules of consent.  This is a formal term which means “asking for permission.” The basic premise is that people have a right to decide what happens to their bodies (the fancy term for this is “personal autonomy.”) Therefore, it’s considered unethical (and potentially illegal) to provide care to someone without permission.

How do I ask for consent to provide care?

  • If someone is above the age of 18 and is awake, simply ask them if you can help. Tell them who you are, what level of training you have, explain what you plan to do and ask if you can help.
  • If the victim is under the age of 18, ask a parent or guardian for permission on the child’s behalf.

What if someone is unconscious – do I need to ask for consent?

  • No. When a patient above the age of 18 is unresponsive, you can help the patient even without explicit consent. This is called implied consent – meaning, we assume that, had the patient been awake, he would’ve wanted our help.

What if the child has no guardian present – who do I ask for consent?

  • If there is no parent or guardian present, and you are faced with a minor who is suffering a life-threatening emergency, you are permitted to help that minor without obtaining consent – this is called implied consent – meaning, we assume that, had the parents been present, they would’ve granted us permission to help their child.

To learn more about consent and how to help in an emergency enroll in a First Aid CPR AED course.